1. The Holocaust
The term “Holocaust” comes from a Greek word, which means “Entirely burnt,” and refers to the wholesale death of around 6 million European Jews in 1945. Adolf Hitler, who exploited the German Nazi dictatorship during World War II, deserves full credit for the huge slaughter.
The massacre was primarily motivated by racial prejudice, with Jews perceived to be inferior to Germans. Early on, the Nazis selected the very young, the elderly, and the sick to be killed in the concentration camps that were built in five locations across Poland. The majority were gassed, killing over 12,000 people each day, and the slaughter continued long after the Nazi regime ended in 1945.