2. MS Estonia
Built in 1980 at the West German shipyard Meyer Werft in Papenburg, this cruiseferry went through a few owners and names before becoming the MS Estonia for only one year before tragedy would strike. Sold to Nordström & Thulin for use on Estline’s Tallinn–Stockholm route, on 28 September 1994, in the Baltic Sea between Sweden, Åland, Finland and Estonia, she would sink and claim the lives of 852 people.
Sadly the cause of the sinking was due to a number of factors, the first being that in rough seas bow door had separated from the vessel, pulling the ramp ajar. What exacerbated the problem was that the cargo had been poorly distributed which aided the listing of the ship, causing the decks and cabins to rapidly flood. The final nail in the coffin was the failure of the crew to notice that water was entering the vehicle deck which tragically delayed the raising of the alarm.