6. Invasion of East Timor
The genocide in East Timor began in 1975, when the Indonesian military invaded the Timor Islands. The occupation of the Indonesian people in East Timor, also known as Operation Lotus was the major goal of the Indonesian military. It occurred under the pretext of combating colonialism and communism to remove the Fretilin regime that had been installed in 1974. This provoked a violent occupation and approximately 200,000 people were massacred in the genocide that occurred shortly after Indonesian independence.
The genocide was separated into two periods, with the first beginning in 1975 and the second ending in 1999. The majority of East Timorese were forced to relocate to a concentration camp, where they were mass murdered.
In the first period after the occupation, the Indonesian military faced massive resistance in the mountain area of the island, but from 1977 to 1978, the military obtained new technology weaponry from the U.S., and other countries, to defeat Fretilin’s structure.