Food insecurity occurs when someone doesn’t have regular access to a basic amount of nutritious food. When the food isn’t available anymore or isn’t affordable, that’s when we talk about food insecurity. When it comes to children, the result of food insecurity is absolutely devastating.
Lots of children suffer from severe weight loss, which is a direct consequence of malnutrition. If this lasts for too long, malnutrition might permanently affect a child’s growth and development. When food insecurity’s spread can’t be stopped, it might lead to famine.
Famine is by far the most extreme form of food insecurity: the complete lack of access to food. When famine set in, over 30% of the local population suffers from malnutrition, and people die of starvation, according to the World Food Programme. Here are some of the reasons why a global food crisis might set in: